Kyocera demonstrates just how versatile advanced ceramics are with solutions from high-performance ceramics for the aviation and aerospace industry. These must of course meet high standards of safety, reliability, service life and precision. High-quality monolithic components in particular offer excellent prospects for use in the aviation and aerospace industry. That is because being lightweight components, high-performance ceramics can also contribute to cost savings – at a low weight, without having to sacrifice the highest quality and outstanding product properties. We are always looking for innovative solutions and new areas of application. Therefore, we work closely with our customers to create an optimal product made of technical ceramics. We would gladly develop this together with you and offer you our professional support, from idea to finished component.
Cordierite is an extremely low thermal expansion ceramic which was developed over two decades back, and we have been constantly improving on its characteristics since.
- Minimal temperature deformation due to unique material composition with an extremely low thermal expansion rate
- Approx. 70% weight reduction when compared to low CTE glass* with a slim ribbed structure design featuring high rigidity
- Rapid process time even for complex designs due to good machinability
* based on Kyocera's research
|Low CTE glass||Cordierite CO720|
|Elasticity modulus [GPa]||90||145|
The values are typical material properties and may vary according to product configuration and manufacturing process.
** temperature dependency graph
- Product size: Ø1020 x 120mm (rib structure)
- Supported points: outside 3 points
- Load: self-weight
*** based on Kyocera's research
Proprietary joining and manufacturing technology for SiSiC enables complex, high
precision components with unique design features:
- Hidden internal cavities possible (e.g. cooling channels)
- Complex and fine detailed structures below 1 mm achievable
- Large-scale parts monolithically up to 950 x 950 x 650 mm and larger via
- proprietary joining technologies
- High strength, extreme stiffness and reliability components at lowest weight
- Joining areas with identical material properties, such as Young's modulus and strength
- Closed porosity for water and gas tightness requirements
- Superior impurity levels by utilization of semiconductor grade constituents
- Extremely homogeneous material through large-scaled part
|StarCeram® Si SiSiC|
|SiC||> 85 wt%|
|Cu||< 3 ppm|
Excellent SSiC material properties enable applications up to 1600 °C
requiring high mechanical and chemical resistance
- Excellent chemical resistance from basic to acidic materials allowing applications in harsh environments
- Large-scaled parts with outstanding hightemperature performance answering the demanding needs of the aerospace industry
|StarCeram® S SSiC||StarCeram® Si SiSiC|
|Fracture strength RT [MPa]||373||300|
|Young’s modulus RT [GPa]||395||380|
|Thermal conductivity RT [W/mK]||125||200|
|CTE (RT -1,000C°) [x10-6K-1]||4.5||4.0|
|Resistivity RT [Ωm]||104||10-2|
|Thermal shock coefficient R1 [K]||180||190|
|Max. working temperature [°C]||1,600||1,350|
Kyocera’s oxide ceramics display operational safety, reliability and long lifetime based on the following physical characteristics:
- Mechanical strength
- High chemical resistance
- Good thermal shock resistance at high and low temperatures
- Good thermal conductivity
- Excellent electrical resistance
- Low dielectric loss at high frequency
Brazed oxide ceramic-to-metal assemblies outreach the excellent properties of ceramics and metal. Ceramics show electrical insulation; metal components feature weldability. This advantageous combination enables a wide range of vacuum, high-voltage and high-pressure applications.
|Purity [wt-%]||> 99.7||> 99.7|
|Apparent density [g/cm³]||≥ 3.90||≥ 5.70|
|Bending strength [N/mm² (MPa)]||350||500|
|Maximum operating temperature [°C]||1,950||900|
Subaru Telescope is an 8.2-meter (320 in) optical-infrared flagship telescope operated by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ), located at the Mauna Kea Observatory on Hawaii.
In 2012, when NAOJ installed a new super wide angle camera “Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC)” into the SUBARU Telescope, there were two design requirements for adaptive optics. One was to make a larger lens aperture and the other was to make the lens lighter.
Kyocera’s cordierite was chosen as the best material to achieve the two design requirements for the lens support. Cordierite’s superior characteristics enabled a slim design with enough material strength and rigidity to support the lens structure as well as minimal deformation due to temperature fluctuations.
We have developed diffraction-limited off-axis reflective optical systems (mirrors, mirror holders, and optical benches) made entirely of cordierite materials, with Kyocera’s high accuracy assembling technology.
Cordierite was used as it has a great “athermal property” whereby the optical performance does not degrade under varying temperature conditions owing to its monoclinic nature. We were able to process this extremely low thermal expansion ceramic to include cordierite mirrors coated with metal (Au), as seen in the pictures. Alternatively, larger cordierite mirrors of over 1 meter diameter, can be produced with a light weight design and the required surface roughness.
Such structures are expected to be installed in large telescopes (30 meters) and space telescopes in the coming years.
In-house 5-axis CNC machining supported by ultrasonic processing allows the manufacture of complex components such as camera housing. The permeability of ceramics for electromagnetic radiation takes effect in this type of application: the electromagnetic waves of the sensors inside the housing can pass through to the outside, while radar beams from outside are hardly reflected thus impeding detection of aircraft.
High electrical insulation and thermal strength of our F99.7 alumina material allow its use in components of ion thrusters. Excellent performance in ultra-high vacuum is guaranteed by minimal desorption and leakage rate. When required, we combine ceramics with metals.
Low weight and high corrosion resistance combined with high mechanical strength make our ceramic materials perfectly suitable for space applications. We excel in specific solutions. Our years of experience as a manufacturer of customized and standard components guarantee superior solutions to accomplish a variety of tasks.